手机

全国站

热门城市 | 全国 北京 上海 广东

华北地区 | 北京 天津 河北 山西 内蒙古

东北地区 | 辽宁 吉林 黑龙江

华东地区 | 上海 江苏 浙江 安徽 福建 江西 山东

华中地区 | 河南 湖北 湖南

西南地区 | 重庆 四川 贵州 云南 西藏

西北地区 | 陕西 甘肃 青海 宁夏 新疆

华南地区 | 广东 广西 海南

资    源
  • 资    源
当前位置:查字典高考网>高考总复习>高考英语复习方法>高考考前语法填空和短文改错形容词和副词易错点查漏补缺

高考考前语法填空和短文改错形容词和副词易错点查漏补缺

来自:查字典高考网 2018-10-30

形容词副词查漏补缺

一、形容词副词的比较级和最高级

1.形容词、副词的比较级和最高级,在重读闭音节(即:辅音+元音+辅音)中,先双写末尾的辅音字母,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;

如:bigbiggerbiggest hothotterhottest fatfatterfattest

sadsaddersaddest madmadder maddest wetwetterwettest

2. 以辅音字母加y结尾的,变y为i,加er,如:

easy-easier、happy-happier、funny-funnier、early-earlier、busy-busier、

dirty-dirtier(更脏)、heavy-heavier(更重)、healthy-healthier;friendly-friendlier

angry ugly,

但是:shy-shyer.

以元音字母+y结尾时,y不变,直接加er或est。如grey----greyer

3.、不规则变化

good/well better best

bad/badly/ill worse worst

many/much more most

old older/elder oldest/eldest

little less least

far farther/further farthest/furthest

2、单音节不规则变化

tired more tired most tired

fond more fond most fond

glad more glad most glad

bored more bored most bored

pleased more pleased most pleased

3、两种变化(少数几个双音节词以及以er或le结尾的词,可以有两种比较级和最高级)

simple----simpler common

cruel crueler cruelest/more cruel most cruel

strict stricter strictest/more strict most strict

often oftener oftenest/more often most often

friendly friendlier friendliest/more friendly most friendly

clever cleverer cleverest/more clever most clever

4、没有比较级

empty wrong perfect unique extreme excellent favourite favorite true right correct extremely possible first final last empty wooden

5、在原级形容词之前加less, least构成的比较级与最高级成为较低级与最低级形式。

如:kind---less kind---least kind useful---less useful----least useful

二、形容词+ly购成副词的规则

1. 辅音字母+y easy happy, heavy, busy 但是shyly, dryly

2. le结尾去e加y。simple, gentle,但是whole wholly

3. 元音字母+e结尾,true-truly,但duely

4. i,c结尾的加ally, 如basic scientific automatic energetic

5. 以le结尾的形容词

大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。但 friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,ugly,brotherly,仍为形容词。

改错:

(错) She sang lovely.

(错) He spoke to me very friendly.

(对) Her singing was lovely.

(对) He spoke to me in a very friendly way.

friendly友好的---a friendly smile友好的微笑

fatherly像父亲的---a fatherly teacher一位父亲式的教师

lovely可爱的---a lovely girl一位可爱的姑娘

lively活泼的---a lively child一位活泼的小孩

lonely孤独的---a lonely traveller一位孤独的旅客

deadly致命的---a deadly blow致命的一击

silly傻的,无聊的---a silly question愚蠢的问题

orderly秩序的---an orderly mind有条不紊的头脑

manly男子气概的---a manly person具有男子气概的人

daily每日的---daily work日常工作

weekly每星期的---a weekly magazine周刊

yearly每年的---a yearly income年收入daily, monthly, early

smell-smelly adj.发臭的, 有臭味的

sound-soundly 完好地; 健全地; 稳健地; 坚固地; 彻底地; 正确地; 确实地,厉害地,酣畅地berate sb. soundly痛骂某人一顿

英语中部分特殊形式的比较意义和最高级的表达

1.A is senior/junior to B; A比B年龄或级别大(高)/A比B年龄或级别小(低)

如:He is 3 years senior to me. 他比我大三岁。

A is superior / inferior to B A优于/劣于B

如: Beijing is superior to any other city in hosting the Olympic Games.在举办奥运会上,北京比其他任何城市都做得好。

2.A is to B what C is to D. 意为A对于B就如C对于D。

如:Engines are to machines what hearts are to animals.

发动机对于机器就如心脏对于动物。

3.cant be too+adj. = cant be+adj.+enough

无论都不为过,越越。 如:

You can never be careful enough.= You can never be too careful.你无论怎么小心都不为过。

4. tooto句型的两个意义

(1)表示否定意义,意为太而不能。

如:This question is too hard for me to understand.

这个问题太难,我理解不了。

(2)表示肯定意义,意为非常,很,极。当too后面接easy,ready, eager, inclined, willing, thankful, delighted等形容词时,too表示很,非常之意,与very表达很的意思相同。当too前有all, but, only等词时,形成only/but/all tooto do结构,仍旧表达非常,很,极之意。

如:Im too glad to hear the news.听到这条消息我非常高兴。

5.与than有关的短语

(1)morethan是而不是;与其说不如说。

no morethan不是也不是/与同样不

not more...than 不如

如:That little girl is more tired than hungry.

那个小女孩是累了而不是饿了。(与其说那个小女孩饿了,还不如说她累了。)

He is no more deligent than Tom.他和Tom都不勤奋。

He is no more a teacher than a worker.他既不是老师也不是工人。

He is not more deligent than Tom.他不如Tom勤奋。

He is not more a teacher teacher than a worker.与其说他是教师,不如说是工人。

(2)more than 超过,不仅仅是

no more than=only 只不过(言其少)

not more than=at most 不多于,至多(指事实)

She is more than a friend to me, she is my family.

The room is no more than a barn.

(3) less than (数量)不到,不足;一点也不

no less than (数量)不少于,至少

=not less than=at least

(4)less than 不如;比少;不是而是

No less...than=not less than (至少)不比差,和一样

He is less a teacher than an expert.

He is more an expert than a teacher.与其说他确实老师,不如说是专家。

He is no less active than he used to be.

他和以前一样积极。

例1.Im afraid youve got the wrong person. I am no more a scientist than a mathematician.

[解析] 此处是no morethan结构,表示不是也不是或与同样不之意,故or改为than。句意:恐怕你们搞错了,我既不是什么科学家,也不是什么数学家。

6.The weather is turning ever colder and colder, and people have to make a fire in their homes in advance.

[解析] 此处是 (ever)+比较级+and+比较级结构,表示日益之意,故cold and cold改为colder and colder。句意:天气变得越来越冷,人们纷纷提前在家里生起了火。

7.比较级和否定词连用表示最高级意义

【误】 Mr Stevenson is great to work forI really couldnt ask for a good boss.

【正】 Mr Stevenson is great to work forI really couldnt ask for a better boss.

[解析] 此处是用比较级的形式表达最高级的含义,所以把good改为better。句意:为斯蒂文森先生工作太棒了,我真的找不到比他更好的老板了。