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当前位置:查字典高考网>真题>历年英语高考试题>2016年高考英语试题及答案解析-北京卷

2016年高考英语试题及答案解析-北京卷

来自:查字典高考网 2016-06-20

2016年普通高等学校全国统一考试

(北京英语卷)

本试卷共16页, 共150分。考试时间为120分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分:听力理解(共三节:30 分) 

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你将有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题,每段对话你将听一遍。

1.What does the man want to borrow?

A.A pencil.         B.An eraser.         C.A pen.

2.What is the woman doing now?

A.Eating.         B.Going home.         C.Having group study.

3.What does the man have for earthquake preparation?

A.A candle.         B.A radio.         C.A flashlight.

4.Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A.In a bank.         B.In a hotel.        C.In a store.

5.Where will the man go for his holiday?

A.Brazil.         B.Denmark.         C.Greece.

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,共15分)

听下面4段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有5秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后,每小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6.When does the supermarket close on Sundays?

A.At 5:00 pm.     B.At 7:00 pm.    C.At 8:00 pm.

7.What have the two speakers decided to do now?

A.Go shopping.   B.Take a walk.   C.Have dinner

听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。

8.Why does the man make the call?

A.To make a booking.

B.To make a suggestion.

C.To make an appointment.

9.When will the man return from London?

A.On March 10.    B.On March 12.     C.On March 22.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10.What is the possible between the two speakers ?

A.Headmaster and teacher.       

B.Manager and customer.       

C.Boss and clerk.

11.On which of following days will woman work?

A.Wednesday.       B.Saturday.      C.Sunday.

12.How often will the woman have on-the-job training?

A.Once a week. B.Once a month.   C.Once a year.

听第9段材料,回答第13至15题。

13.What is the speaker mainly talking about?

A.Course materials.         

B.After-school activities.        

C.Changes in the timetable.

14.What will the first class be today?

A.English.  B.History.   C.Art.

15.Which group will meet on Friday?

A.The debating group.

B.The handball group.

C.The music group.

第三节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,共7.5分)

听下面一段对话,完成第16至第20五道小题,每小题仅填写一个词。听对话前,你将有20秒钟的时间阅读试题,听完后你将有60秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。

 

Customer Service Form

Room No.

   16    

Name

George  17    

Phone No.

61-293-312097

Event

Booking a(n)  18 

Leaving:1:20 pm from the hotel to the MQ 19 

Returning:8:00 pm waiting  20  the MQ and then back to hotel

 

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45分)

第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,共15分)

从每题所给的 ABCD 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:It’s so nice to hear from her again ________,we last met more than thirty years ago.

What’s more           B.That’s to say

C.In other words       D.Believe it or not

答案是D

21.Jack_____in the lab when the power cut occurred.

A.works   B.has worked   C.was working   D.would work

22.I live next door to a couple_____children often make a lot of noise.

A.whose   B.why   C.where   D.which

23.—Excuse me,which movie are you waiting for?

—The new Star Wars.We_____here for more than two hours.

A.waited   B.wait   C.would be waiting   D.have been waiting

24.Your support is important to our work._____You can do helps.

A.However   B.Whoever   C.Whatever   D.Wherever

25.I_____half of the English novel,and Ill try to finish it at the weekend.

A.read   B.have read   C.am reading   D.will read

26._____it easier to get in touch with us, youd better keep this card at hand.

A.Made   B.Make   C.Making   D.To make

 

27.My grandfather still plays tennis now and then, _____hes in his nineties.

A.as long as   B.as if   C.even though   D.in case

28._____ over a week ago, the books are expected to arrive any time now.

A.Ordering                        B.To order

C.Having ordered                   D.Ordered

29.The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is _____ one can be entirely dust.

A.what                       B.that

C.whether                    D.why

30.The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts______success in the end.

A.rewarded     B.were rewarded

C.will reward    D.will be rewarded

31.I love the weekend,because I_____ get up early on Saturdays and Sundays.

A.needn’t              B.mustn’t

C.wouldn’t             D.shouldn’t

32.Newly-built wooden cottages line the street, _______ the old town into a dreamland.

A.turn                B.turning

C.to turn              D.turned

33.I really enjoy listening to music ___ it helps me relax and takes my mind away from other cares of the day.

A.because               B.before

C.unless              D.until

34.Why didn’t you tell me about your trouble last week? If you ___ me, I could have helped.

A.told         B.had told

C.were to tell    D.would tell

35.I am not afraid of tomorrow, ______ I have seen yesterday and I love today.

A.so   B.and

C.for   D.but

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)

阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上讲该项 涂黑。

 

A Race Against Death

It was a cold January in 1925 in North Alaska.The town was cut off from the rest of the world due to heavy snow.

On the 20th of that month, Dr.Welch___36__a Sick boy, Billy, and knew he had diphtheria, a deadly infectious(传染的)disease mainly affecting children.The children of Nome would be___37 ___if it struck the town.Dr.Welch needed medicine as soon as possible to stop other kids from getting sick.___38___, the closest supply was over 1,000 miles away, in Anchorage.

How could the medicine get to Nome? The town`s___39___was already full of ice, so it couldn`t come by ship.Cars and horses couldn`t travel on the___40___roads.Jet airplanes and big trucks didn`t exist yet.

___41___January 26, Billy and three other children had died.Twemty more were___42___.Nome`s town officials came up with a(n) ___43___.They would have the medicine sent by___44___ from Anchorage to Nenana.From there, dogeled(狗拉雪橇)driversknown as “mushers”—would___45 ___it to Nome in a relay(接力).

The race began on January 27.The first musher, Shannon, picked up the medicine from the train at Nenana and rode all night.___46___he handed the medicine to the next musher, Shannon`s face was black from the extreme cold.

On January 31a musher named Seppala had to___47___a frozen body of water called Norton Sound .It was the most___48___part of the journey.Norton Sound was covered with ice,which could sometimes break up without warning.If that happened,Seppala might fall into the icy water below.He would___49___,and so would the sick children of  Nome.But  Seppala made it across.

   A huge snowstorm hit on February 1.Amusher  named Kaasen had to brave this storm.At one point,huge piles of sonw blocked his___50___.He had to leave the trail (雪橇痕迹)to get around them.Conditions were so bad that it was impossible for him to___51___the trail again.The only hope was Balto,Kaasen’s lead dog, Balto put his nose to the ground, ___52___to find the smell of other dogs that had traveled on the trail.If  Balto failed,it would mean disaster for Nome.The minutes passed by.Suddenly, Balto began to___53___.He had foung the trail

   At 5:30 am on February 2, Kaasen and his dog___54___in Nome.Within minutes,Dr.Welch had the medicine.He quickly gave it to the sick children.All of them recoverd.

   Nome had been___55___.

36.A.examined    B.warned   C.interviewed   D.cured

37.A.harmless    B.helpless  C.fearless   D.careless

38.A.Moreover   B.Therefore  C.Otherwise   D.However

39.A.airport     B.station  C.harbor   D.border

40.A.narrow    B.snowy  C.busy    D.dirty

41.A.From    B.On  C.By   D.After

42.A.tired   B.upset  C.pale   D.sick

43.A.plan    B.excuse  C.message    D.topic

44.A.air    B.rail  C.sea   D.road

45.A.carry   B.return  C.mail   D.give

46.A.Though    B.Since    C.When  D.If

47.A.enter    B.move  C.visit   D.cross

48.A.shameful  B.boring  C.dangerous    D.foolish

49.A.escape  B.bleed  C.swim   D.die

50.A.memory  B.exit  C.way    D.destination

51.A.find  B.fix  C.pass   D.change

52.A.pretending  B.trying  C.asking   D.learning

53.A.run   B.leave  C.bite   D.play

54.A.gathered  B.stayed  C.camped   D.arrived

55.A.controlled  B.saved  C.founded    D.developed

第三部分:阅读理解 (共两节,20 分)

第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分)

阅读下列短文:从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,将正确的选项涂在答题卡上。

A

Dear Alfred

I want to tell you how important your help is to my life.

Growing up, I had people telling me I was too slow, though, with an IQ of 150 at 17, I’m anything but stupid.The fact was that I was found to have ADIID(注意力缺陷多动障碍).Anxious all the time, I was unable to keep focused for more than an hour at a time.

However, when something did interest me, I could become absorbed.In high school, I became curious about the computer, and built my first website.Moreover, I completed the senior course of Computer Basics, plus five relevant pre-college courses.

 

While I was exploring my curiosity, my disease got worse.I wanted to go to college after high school, but couldn’t .So, I was killing my time at home until June 2012 when I discovered the online computer courses of your training center.

Since then, I have taken courses like Data Science and Advanced Mathematics.Currently, I’m learning your Probability course.I have hundreds of printer paper, covered in self-written notes from your video.This has given me a purpose.

Last year, I spent all my time looking for a job where, without dealing with the public , I could work alone, but still have a team to talk to.Luckily, I discovered the job—Data Analyst—this month and have been going full steam ahead.I want to prove that I can teach myself a respectful profession, without going to college, and be just as good as, if not better than, my competitors.

Thank you.You’ve given me hope that I can follow my heart.For the first time, I feel good about myself because I’m doing something, not because someone told me I was doing good.I feel whole.

This is why you’re saving my life.

Yours,

Tanis

56.why did’t Tanis go to college after high school?

A.She had learned enough about computer science

B.She had more difficulty keeping foucesed

C.She preferred taking online courses

D.She was too slow to learn

57.AS for the working environment,Tains prefers____.

A .working by herself

B.dealing with the public

C.competing against others

D.staying with ADHD students

58.Tanis wrote this letter in order to_____.

A.explain why she was interested in the computer

B.share the ideas she had for her profession

C .show how grateful she was to the center

D.describe the courses she had taken so far

B

Surviving Hurricane Sandy(飓风桑迪)

Natalie Doan,14, has always felt lucky to live in Rockaway, New York.Living just a few blocks from the beach, Natalie can see the ocean and hear the wave from her house.“It’s the ocean that makes Rockaway so special,” she says.

On October 29, 2012, that ocean turned fierce.That night, Hurricane Sandy attacked the East Coast, and Rockaway was hit especially hard.Fortunately, Natalie’s family escaped to Brooklyn shortly before the city’s bridge closed.

When they returned to Rockaway the next day, they found their neighborhood in ruins.Many of Natalie’s friends had lost their homes and were living far away.All around her, people were suffering, especially the elderly.Natalie’s school was so damaged that she had to temporarily attend a school in Brooklyn.

In the following few days, the men and women helping Rockaway recover inspired Natalie.Volunteers came with carloads of donated clothing and toys.Neighbors devoted their spare time to helping others rebuild.Teenagers climbed dozens of flights of stairs to deliver water and food to elderly people trapped in powerless high-rise buildings.

“My mom tells me that I can’t control what happens to me,” Natalie says.“but I can always choose how I deal with it.”

Natalie’s choice was to help.

She created a website page matching survivors in need with donors who wanted to halp.Natalie posted introduction about a boy named Patrick, who lost his baseball card collecting when his house burned down.Within days, Patrick’s collection was replaced.

In the coming months, her website page helped lots of kids: Christopher, who received a new basketball; Charlie, who got a new keyboard.Natalie also worked with other organizations to bring much-need supplies to Rockaway.Her efforts made her a famous person.Last April, she was invited to the White House and honored as a Hurricane Sandy Champion of Change.

Today, the scars(创痕)of destruction are still seen in Rockaway, but hope is in the air.The streets are clear, and many homes have been rebuilt.“I can’t imagine living anywhere but Rockaway,” Natalie declares.“My neighborhood will be back, even stronger than before.”

59.When Natalie returned to Rockaway after the hurricane ,she found______.

 

A.some friends had lost their lives

B.her neighborhood was destroyed

C.her school had moved to Brooklyn

D.the elderly were free from suffering

60.According to paragraph4,who inspired Natalie most?

A.The people helping Rockaway rebuild

B.The people trapped in high_rise building

C.The volunteers donating money to suevivors

D.Local teenagers bringing clothing to elderly people

61.How did Natalie help the survivors?

A.She gave her toys to the kids

B.She took care of younger children

C.She called on the White House to help

D.She built an information sharing platform

更多内容请下载:2016年高考英语试题及答案解析-北京卷

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